Max Growth Size: 10-12cm
Temperament: fairly non-aggressive community fish.
Preferred Water Parameters:
Temperature: 24-28 degrees celsius
pH Level: 8.0-9
General Hardness:Hard Range:
Africa: Lake Malawi Diet: Carnivorous. Carnivorous. mysis, shrimp, and krill. Frozen foods such as brine shrimp is also considered as a good protein source Adult males can reach 100 – 125 mm and females 90 – 100 mm.
A sandy substrate with some complex structures of piled rocks arranged to fill much of the available space represents the ideal environment. Place the latter directly on the base of the tank before adding the substratein order to prevent them being toppled by the digging activity of the fish. Water quality must be of the highest order meaning weekly water changes of up to 50 % should be considered mandatory. A specialised carnivore feeding mostly on invertebrates, crustaceans and smaller fishes in nature with its elongate mouthparts adapted for insertion into cracks and crevices between rocks. In one study more than 80% of the stomach contents of wild fish were found to comprise various shrimp species.
Most captive specimens will accept dried foods but are better offered live or frozen bloodworm, Tubifex, Artemia, chopped prawns, small earthworms and similar. Best maintained as a single pair but can be maintained in groups in larger aquaria. It’s not particularly territorial and can make a good addition to the well-chosen community of Tanganyikan species but shouldn’t be maintained alongside anything small enough to be considered food. It makes a poor companion for Tropheusor any other species requiring a diet low in protein.Sexual Dimorphism Males grow considerably larger than females and develop slightly extended fins as they mature.Reproduction